द्वितीयोऽध्यायः – साङ्‍ख्य योगः श्लोकाः ४१–५०

व्यवसायात्मिका बुद्धिरेकेह कुरुनन्दन।
बहुशाखा ह्यनन्ताश्च बुद्धयोऽव्यवसायिनाम्॥२-४१॥
vyavasāyātmikā buddhirekeha kurunandana|
bahuśākhā hyanantāśca buddhayo’vyavasāyinām||2-41||
O Kurunandana (son of Kuru dynasty), those who proceed on this path of Nishkam Karma Yoga, have resolute determination ( single-pointed conviction or steady intellect), while the mind of those unwise remains fragmented in endless irresolute thoughts whose actions are guided by desires (motives).
Lesson: Desire less action promotes steady intellect and firm determination.

Subject: The Unwise
यामिमां पुष्पितां वाचं प्रवदन्त्यविपश्चितः।
वेदवादरताः पार्थ नान्यदस्तीति वादिनः॥२-४२॥
कामात्मानः स्वर्गपरा जन्मकर्मफलप्रदाम्।
क्रियाविशेषबहुलां भोगैश्वर्यगतिं प्रति॥२-४३॥
yāmimāṁ puṣpitāṁ vācaṁ pravadantyavipaścitaḥ|
vedavādaratāḥ pārtha nānyadastīti vādinaḥ||2-42||
kāmātmānaḥ svargaparā janmakarmaphalapradām|
kriyāviśeṣabahulāṁ bhogaiśvaryagatiṁ prati||2-43||
Only those unwise people are attached to the ostentatious knowledge of Vedas (scriptures) which promise heaven and good rebirth, as the reward of their actions. For the satisfaction of their sense- organs and with the desire to lead a life of material grandeur, they think that the best is heaven and nothing is better than it.
Quoting instances from scriptures with their own ostentatious meaning, only the unwise plead for desire full action.

Subject: Instable Mind
भोगैश्वर्यप्रसक्तानां तयापहृतचेतसाम्।
व्यवसायात्मिका बुद्धिः समाधौ न विधीयते॥२-४४॥
bhogaiśvaryaprasaktānāṁ tayāpahṛtacetasām|
vyavasāyātmikā buddhiḥ samādhau na vidhīyate||2-44||
Those persons are devoid of stable intellect and firm determination (single-pointed conviction) who are more attached to carnal pleasures and worldly prosperity and who remain obsessed by such things.
Lesson: Persons attached to carnal pleasures and who remain obsessed by worldly things have instable mind.

Subject: Constituent Qualities
त्रैगुण्यविषया वेदा निस्त्रैगुण्यो भवार्जुन।
निर्द्वन्द्वो नित्यसत्त्वस्थो निर्योगक्षेम आत्मवान्॥२-४५॥
traiguṇyaviṣayā vedā nistraiguṇyo bhavārjuna|
nirdvandvo nityasattvastho niryogakṣema ātmavān||2-45||
The Vedas (scriptures) deal with three constituent qualities (natural attributes like Sat, Raj, Tama found in all substances). Rise above these three qualities O Arjuna, be free from the conflict (duality) of pleasures and pains, gains and protection; ever poised in the quality of Sattva without (any desire for) acquisition and preservation (yogakshema) and be possessed of the Self.
Lesson: Three constituent qualities are found in all substances (satva, rajas, tamas). Possessed of the Self, one should ever be poised in the quality of sattva (purity) without any desire of acquisition, accumulation and preservation/protection of worldly possessions.

Subject: Man of Absolute Knowledge
यावानर्थ उदपाने सर्वतः संप्लुतोदके।
तावान्सर्वेषु वेदेषु ब्राह्मणस्य विजानतः॥२-४६॥
yāvānartha udapāne sarvataḥ saṁplutodake|
tāvānsarveṣu vedeṣu brāhmaṇasya vijānataḥ||2-46||
The man of absolute knowledge who has realized the Supreme Self (the Brahman) successfully achieves the entire purpose of life which is described in the Vedas (scriptures). He does not need any thing more, as petty wells are not required when big reservoirs are found.
Lesson: The man of absolute knowledge is not influenced by the ostentatious knowledge (rituals or outward practices) described in Vedas (scriptures).

Subject: Right to Perform Duty
कर्मण्येवाधिकारस्ते मा फलेषु कदाचन।
मा कर्मफलहेतुर्भूर्मा ते सङ्गोऽस्त्वकर्मणि॥२-४७॥
karmaṇyevādhikāraste mā phaleṣu kadācana|
mā karmaphalaheturbhūrmā te saṅgo’stvakarmaṇi||2-47||
Your right is only to perform your duty, but never to its results (fruits). Let not the results be your motive, nor you be indolent.
Lesson: Perform your duty with a mind free from the anxieties of fruits of action. Neither you be indolent nor consider yourself as the cause ( agent) of results.

Subject: Yoga
योगस्थः कुरु कर्माणि सङ्गं त्यक्त्वा धनंजय।
सिद्ध्यसिद्ध्योः समो भूत्वा समत्वं योग उच्यते॥२-४८॥
yogasthaḥ kuru karmāṇi saṅgaṁ tyaktvā dhanaṁjaya|
siddhyasiddhyoḥ samo bhūtvā samatvaṁ yoga ucyate||2-48||
Leaving the attachment of success and failure, O Dhananjaya, be established in yoga. Equipoise in yoga (yoga of evenness/equanimity of mind) perform your duty. This evenness of mind is known as yoga. (Viewing gain and loss, victory and defeat in equanimity is known as evenness of mind).
Lesson: Persons established in yoga view gain and loss, victory and defeat with evenness of mind (In equanimity).

Subject: Importance of the Evenness of Mind
दूरेण ह्यवरं कर्म बुद्धियोगाद्धनंजय।
बुद्धौ शरणमन्विच्छ कृपणाः फलहेतवः॥२-४९॥
dūreṇa hyavaraṁ karma buddhiyogāddhanaṁjaya|
buddhau śaraṇamanviccha kṛpaṇāḥ phalahetavaḥ||2-49||
Action (work done with motives/desires for fruits-of) indeed is inferior to yoga of wisdom (evenness of mind). Miserable are those who desire fruits for their action. Therefore, O Dhananjaya, seek your refuge in the yoga of equanimity with devotion.
Lesson: Action performed with evenness of mind is better than desire- full- action.

बुद्धियुक्तो जहातीह उभे सुकृतदुष्कृते।
तस्माद्योगाय युज्यस्व योगः कर्मसु कौशलम्॥२-५०॥
buddhiyukto jahātīha ubhe sukṛtaduṣkṛte|
tasmādyogāya yujyasva yogaḥ karmasu kauśalam||2-50||
A person with evenness of mind is not attached to the fruits of good or bad deeds. He casts off the virtue and sin in this world alone. Therefore, devote yourself to (karma) yoga (with evenness of mind/equanimity). Performing duty with efficiency is yoga.
Lesson: By performing duty with evenness of mind a person accomplishes his job with greater efficiency and skill.

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