प्रथमोऽध्यायः – अर्जुन विषाद योगः श्लोकाः ११–२०

Subject: Old Guards
अयनेषु च सर्वेषु यथाभागमवस्थिताः।
भीष्ममेवाभिरक्षन्तु भवन्तः सर्व एव हि॥१-११॥
ayaneṣu ca sarveṣu yathābhāgamavasthitāḥ|
bhīṣmamevābhirakṣantu bhavantaḥ sarva eva hi||1-11||
Therefore, occupying your respective positions on all fronts, all of you kindly protect Bhisma alone from all sides.
Lesson: Always help and protect your old guard, from all sides irrespective of his prowess.

Subject: Inspiration
तस्य सञ्जनयन्हर्षं कुरुवृद्धः पितामहः।
सिंहनादं विनद्योच्चैः शङ्खं दध्मौ प्रतापवान्॥१-१२॥
tasya sañjanayanharṣaṁ kuruvṛddhaḥ pitāmahaḥ|
siṁhanādaṁ vinadyoccaiḥ śaṅkhaṁ dadhmau pratāpavān||1-12||
(Then) the glorious grandsire, the eldest of the Kuru-dynasty (Bhishma), bringing joy to your son (Duryodhana) loudly blew his conch which sounded aloud a lions roar.
Lesson: Speak aloud (create high sounding voice) when you wish to inspire your fellow beings.

Subject: Fellow beings’ Nature
ततः शङ्खाश्च भेर्यश्च पणवानकगोमुखाः।
सहसैवाभ्यहन्यन्त स शब्दस्तुमुलोऽभवत्॥१-१३॥
tataḥ śaṅkhāśca bheryaśca paṇavānakagomukhāḥ|
sahasaivābhyahanyanta sa śabdastumulo'bhavat||1-13||
Thereafter, conchs, kettledrums, cymbals and tabours, trumpets and cow-horns suddenly blared forth together and the commotion was tumultuous.
Lesson: Fellow-beings imitate and follow their role models.

Subject: Response
ततः श्वेतैर्हयैर्युक्ते महति स्यन्दने स्थितौ।
माधवः पाण्डवश्चैव दिव्यौ शङ्खौ प्रदघ्मतुः॥१-१४॥
tataḥ śvetairhayairyukte mahati syandane sthitau|
mādhavaḥ pāṇḍavaścaiva divyau śaṅkhau pradaghmatuḥ||1-14||
After that, Madhava (Lord Krishna) and the son of Pandu (Arjuna) seated in a grand chariot yoked with white horses blew their divine conchs.
Lesson: Brave persons respond to challenges with divinity and boldness.

Subject: Responsibility
पाञ्चजन्यं हृषीकेशो देवदत्तं धनञ्जयः।
पौण्ड्रं दध्मौ महाशङ्खं भीमकर्मा वृकोदरः॥१-१५॥
pāñcajanyaṁ hṛṣīkeśo devadattaṁ dhanañjayaḥ|
pauṇḍraṁ dadhmau mahāśaṅkhaṁ bhīmakarmā vṛkodaraḥ||1-15||
Among these,Hrisikesa (Lord Krishna) blew the Pancajana; Dhananjaya (Arjuna) blew the Devadatta while Vrkodara (Bhima), the doer of terrible deeds, blew the mighty conch known as Paundra;

अनन्तविजयं राजा कुन्तीपुत्रो युधिष्ठिरः।
नकुलः सहदेवश्च सुघोषमणिपुष्पकौ॥१-१६॥
anantavijayaṁ rājā kuntīputro yudhiṣṭhiraḥ|
nakulaḥ sahadevaśca sughoṣamaṇipuṣpakau||1-16||
King Yudhisthira, the son of Kunti, blew the Anantavijaya while Nakula and Sahadeva blew Sughosha and Manipuspaka (respectively);
काश्यश्च परमेष्वासः शिखण्डी च महारथः।
धृष्टद्युम्नो विराटश्च सात्यकिश्चापराजितः॥१-१७॥
kāśyaśca parameṣvāsaḥ śikhaṇḍī ca mahārathaḥ|
dhṛṣṭadyumno virāṭaśca sātyakiścāparājitaḥ||1-17||
Excellent archer, the king of Kashi, great commander Sikhandi, Dhrstadyumna, king Virat and invincible Satyaki (did like wise);
द्रुपदो द्रौपदेयाश्च सर्वशः पृथिवीपते।
सौभद्रश्च महाबाहुः शङ्खान्दध्मुः पृथक् पृथक्॥१-१८॥
drupado draupadeyāśca sarvaśaḥ pṛthivīpate|
saubhadraśca mahābāhuḥ śaṅkhāndadhmuḥ pṛthak pṛthak||1-18||
O King, Drupada as well as the sons of Draupadi and Abhimanyu, the mighty- armed son of Subhadra, all (of them) together blew their respective conchs.
Lesson: Following the leader, the fellow beings should fulfill their obligations/responsibilities irrespective of their stature.

Subject: Premonition of War
स घोषो धार्तराष्ट्राणां हृदयानि व्यदारयत्।
नभश्च पृथिवीं चैव तुमुलोऽभ्यनुनादयन्॥१-१९॥
sa ghoṣo dhārtarāṣṭrāṇāṁ hṛdayāni vyadārayat|
nabhaśca pṛthivīṁ caiva tumulo'bhyanunādayan||1-19||
And the tumultuous (terrific) uproar (of these conchs), resounding even the sky and earth, tore the hearts of Dhrtarastra’s (your) sons.
Lesson: Even the premonition of war can generate turmoil.

Subject: Adventurous People
अथ व्यवस्थितान्दृष्ट्वा धार्तराष्ट्रान् कपिध्वजः।
प्रवृत्ते शस्त्रसम्पाते धनुरुद्यम्य पाण्डवः॥१-२०॥
atha vyavasthitāndṛṣṭvā dhārtarāṣṭrān kapidhvajaḥ|
pravṛtte śastrasampāte dhanurudyamya pāṇḍavaḥ||1-20||
There after, O King, seeing your sons standing in their position with hurling weapons, when the war was to commence, Pandu (Arjuna) whose chariot- flag bore the insignia of Hanuman, took his bow and spoke these words to Hrsikesa:
Lesson: On noticing challenges adventurous people take lead.

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